Multiple Choice Questions
1. Health Belief Model was developed by ______.
- Rogers (1975)
- Rosenstock (1966)
- Ajzen (1991)
- Fisher and Fisher (1992)
2. Protection motivation theory was developed to describe coping with a health threat in light of two appraisal processes: ______.
- threat appraisal and coping appraisal
- internal appraisal and external appraisal
- social appraisal and cognitive appraisal
- none of these
3. A key component of the protection motivation theory this ______.
- behavioural intention
4. What has a strong influence on behaviour but is missing from the Theory of Planned Behaviour?
- moral norms
- all of these
5. The ‘common sense model’ (CSM), also known as the ‘self-regulatory model’ (SRM), or ‘Leventhal’s model’, was developed by Howard Leventhal and colleagues (1980, 2003, 2016). How is the approach of the CSM best described?
- This approach assumes perceived behavioural control influences intentions and behaviour directly.
- This approach assumes a person is likely to do what he or she intends to do.
- In this approach, the patient is viewed as a problem solver, attempting to make sense of an illness.
- In this approach, the learning of health-related information is a prerequisite to action.
6. Which model assumes that having the motivation to practise specific sex-related behaviours is necessary for the production of problem-prevention or wellness promotion?
- Theoretical Domains Framework
- The Information–Motivation–Behavioural Skills Model
- Protection Motivation Theory
- The Transtheoretical Model or Stages of Change Model
7. What are two key planks of Bandura’s (1986) ‘social cognitive theory’ (SCT)?
- observational learning and self-efficacy
- self-efficacy, overt reinforcement
- observational learning and overt reinforcement
- self-efficacy and social learning
8. The BCA/therapist must be ______.
- fit for purpose
- capable and competent to deliver the BCTs in a persuasive and stylish manner
- all of these
9. The ______ utilises the fact that human beings are natural agents of change who adapt, accommodate and ameliorate under continuously changing conditions, both external and internal, to maximise the stability of physical and mental well-being.
- Theory of Homeostatic Well-being
- Homeostasis Theory of Well-being
- Theory of Physiological and Psychological Homeostasis
- Psychological Theory of Homeostasis
10. Psychological homeostasis has which four main component processes?
- well-being, motivation, emotion, action
- well-being, planned behaviour, emotion, action
- well-being, cognitive appraisal, emotion, action
- well-being, self-efficacy, emotion, action