Multiple Choice Quiz
Take the quiz to test your understanding of the key concepts covered in the chapter. Try testing yourself before you read the chapter to see where your strengths and weaknesses are, then test yourself again once you’ve read the chapter to see how well you’ve understood.
1. The Criminal Justice Act of 1948 is often seen as introducing a welfare approach to tackling offending behaviour. What did this mean?
- Social security benefits should be paid to prisoners on their release from prison
- Those who had broken the law should be rehabilitated
- The welfare of victims should be a greater concern of criminal justice
- The length of prison sentences should be proportionate to the offence committed
b. Those who had broken the law should be rehabilitated
2. Who reported that ‘nothing works’ with offenders, when, and what did this mean?
- John Howard in 1755, meaning that prisons were unhygienic and should be avoided as a route for punishment
- Lord Gladstone, in1898, meaning that even the separate and silent system could not change prisoners’ behaviour
- Robert Martinson, in 1974, meaning that research showed that nothing could change offenders’ behaviour
- Michael Howard, in 1993, meaning that prisons were the best place for all offenders
c. Robert Martinson, in 1974, meaning that research showed that nothing could change offenders’ behaviour
3. What is the name of the organisation that currently manages the work of prisons and probation in England and Wales?
- National Offender Management Service
- National Office for the Protection of the Public
- National Offending Managers System
- Her Majesty’s Correctional Service
National Offender Management Service
4. What scheme determines questions such as whether prisoners can wear their own clothes, be allowed to rent TV sets, or have access to higher paying jobs while they are in prison?
- Certified Normal Activity Programme
- HM Inspectorate of Prison Schemes
- Incentives and Earned Privileges Scheme
- Prison Services Instruction 100
c. Incentives and Earned Privileges Scheme
5. When measuring overcrowding, the Prison Service considers the Certified Normal Accommodation (CNA) of each prison. What does CNA measure?
- The total number of beds which are available in the prison
- The number of spaces the prison was originally intended to have
- The number of spaces available in a prison, excluding those not currently in use
- The average number of beds a prison has in a cell usually meant for one occupant
b. The number of spaces the prison was originally intended to have