Multiple Choice Quiz

Take the quiz to test your understanding of the key concepts covered in the chapter. Try testing yourself before you read the chapter to see where your strengths and weaknesses are, then test yourself again once you’ve read the chapter to see how well you’ve understood.

1. The prosecution must prove a criminal offence

  1. By clear and convincing evidence
  2. Beyond all doubt
  3. By a majority of the evidence
  4. Beyond reasonable doubt


d. Beyond reasonable doubt

2. Which of the following are some of a number of aims of the Criminal Justice System in England and Wales?

  1. act as a form of social control
  2. To achieve a crime control model of justice
  3. To punish offenders
  4. To improve police powers


a. act as a form of social control

c. To punish offenders

3. An example of proactive policing is

  1. Hot spots policing
  2. Stop and search
  3. Intelligence-led policing
  4. All of the above


d. All of the above

4. The Criminal Justice System of England and Wales operates within which system of justice?

  1. An inquisitorial system of justice
  2. An adversarial system of justice
  3. A mixture of both systems
  4. None of the above


b. An adversarial system of justice

5. The five statutory purposes of sentencing as outlined in s.142 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 include which of the following?

  1. Improvement of crime detection rates
  2. Reduction of crime
  3. Protection of the public
  4. Reform and rehabilitation of offenders


b. Reduction of crime

c. Protection of the public

d. Reform and rehabilitation of offenders

6. One philosopher who supported the sentencing theory of retributivism is:

  1. John Stuart Mill
  2. Cesare Beccaria
  3. Immanuel Kant
  4. Jeremy Bentham


c. Immanuel Kant