Multiple Choice Quiz

Take the quiz to test your understanding of the key concepts covered in the chapter. Try testing yourself before you read the chapter to see where your strengths and weaknesses are, then test yourself again once you’ve read the chapter to see how well you’ve understood.

1. Who established National Deviancy conferences in 1968 to challenge the atheoretical consensus in criminology?

  1. The Home Office
  2. The Communist Party of Great Britain
  3. The Fabian Society
  4. Politically radical criminologists


d. Politically radical criminologists

2. Which leading criminologist is associated with the growth of the left realist position?

  1. Jeremy Bentham
  2. Cesare Lombroso
  3. Jock Young
  4. Michael Howard


c. Jock Young

3. What was launched in 1981 ‘for the Home Office to show its willingness to contribute to the public debate about crime’?

  1. A series of studies investigating ‘what works’ with offenders
  2. The British Crime Survey
  3. The National Offender Database
  4. Funding for a series of studies into domestic burglaries


b. The British Crime Survey

4. Which two partners created the What Works Centre for Crime Reduction (WWCCR) in 2013?

  1. The College of Policing and the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRCC)
  2. The Home Office and the Joseph Rowntree Foundation
  3. The Ministry of Justice and the British Society for Criminology
  4. The National Offender Management Service and the University of Cambridge


a. The College of Policing and the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRCC)

5. What term is used under the Research Excellence Framework as an indication of the extent to which university research is making a difference to the outside world?

  1. Application
  2. Evaluation
  3. Change making
  4. Impact


d. Impact